In professional terms, tooth marks around the edges of the tongue is called a “scalloped tongue”. This is one sign that a person might be clenching and grinding their teeth, especially at night during sleep.
Ask your dentist if there are other signs that you might be doing this. If so, you can have a custom nightguard make to protect your teeth and jaw.
10 Common Causes of Scalloped Tongue:
1.) Toothed tongue – frequent change of the form of tongue, in which the edges become scalloped shape. This change in shape is caused by an unusually high pressure on the fabric of tongue, such as bruxism, the habit of sucking the tongue against the teeth, increasing the size of the tongue.
2.) Commonly observed both scalloped edges, but it may be on one side only or limited tongue that portion which is pressed down directly to the teeth. As a result, the pressure on the edge of the tongue are printed contours of the teeth in the form of oval depressions, which sometimes bordered by towering white scalloped crest.
3.) Often combined with a toothed tongue distinctly stands a white line on the mucous membrane of the cheeks, which is formed by the negative pressure generated in the oral cavity in patients who have a habit of sucking the tongue against the teeth. Toothed tongue observed in lesions of the temporomandibular joint, systemic diseases, such as acromegaly, and amyloidosis, hereditary diseases, such as Down’s syndrome, as well as in healthy individuals. This change in the form of tongue does not represent any danger to the health and does not disturb the patients. The treatment is to eliminate bad habits.
4.) If the language seems to be pale and swollen or sore sometimes, then it may be an indication of an underlying health condition. Sometimes the tongue tends to swell and expanded due to an infection or any health related disorder. This condition is known as scalloped tongue.
5.) According to Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), a fissured tongue or scalloped occurs when there is a deficiency of yang or qi (pronounced “chee”) in the body.
6.) A rough crenated language or may be caused due to a deficiency in the secretion of thyroid hormone, which can lead to an active thyroid, also known as hypothyroidism. The thyroid gland is the master gland controls many body functions, including metabolism. The decrease in the functioning of the thyroid gland can cause enlargement of the glands. Some glands also change its shape or size decreases, and this can lead to inflammation of the tongue.
7.) A swollen or cracked tongue can result from water retention in the body. Excess accumulation of moisture or water may be an indication of qi deficiency (or deficiency of the spleen), which can lead to failure of proper food processing and liquid energy. This will result in crenated language is seen as bloated and marked teeth.
8.) Another factor causing cracks little is known on the tongue is sleep apnea, which is a sleep-related disorder. This condition can cause alterations in the pattern of breathing during sleep. This condition is caused by the tongue falls into the oral cavity, while sleeping. Teeth tend to put pressure on the tongue that can leave groove as prints or fissures on the tongue.
9.) In the temporomandibular joint, also known as TMJ syndrome is also one reason to notice a swelling in the tongue. In TMJ syndrome, the lower jaw is unstable and to support the jaw, the teeth must always be closed. This clenching leads to the formation of grooves on the tongue, which makes it look like a swollen tongue.
Scalloped tongue or crenated may result from deficiency of thyroid hormones. There symptomatic treatments for symptoms associated with a deficiency of available spleen. There are many prescription free of hormones available in the market in order to increase thyroid hormones. For this tongue problem is caused by temporomandibular joint syndrome, it is advisable to consult a dentist ATM, which can diagnose the disease and provide appropriate treatment.
Although there is no known cure or treatment for scalloped tongue, this condition is harmless. The swelling may fall over time, after taking supplements to bring back the hormone levels to normal, which can help the smooth functioning of the spleen and digestive system.