Vitamin Deficiency and Scalloped Tongue
The anemia of vitamin A deficiency is responsible for scalloped tongue glossitis, a rare condition characterized by pain, swelling and tenderness in the tongue. Glossitis can cause color changes and red “scalloping” in the tongue.
Other causes of scalloped tongue glossitis include:
- allergic to toothpaste or mouthwash reactions
- dry mouth
- bacterial infections
- use of tongue-irritating snuff, alcohol, or spices
- and yeast infection.
Typically, treatment of underlying nutritional deficiency glossitis cure symptoms, notes Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia. Vitamin B deficiency can also cause geographic tongue, causing blemishes, irritation and pain from burns on the tongue.
Deficiencies in nutrients involved in the formation of red blood cells can lead to anemia, a condition that often causes inflammation, pain and swelling of the tongue. Anemia, also known as “exhaustion blood” may cause permanent damage if left untreated. If you have a swollen tongue, consult a physician to determine the underlying cause.
Common Nutrient Deficiencies
A variety of nutrients play essential roles in the formation of red blood cells, including vitamin B-12, vitamin B-6, folate and iron. The iron-deficiency anemia, the most common type of anemia, affects nearly 30 percent of the world population, says the National Institutes Office of Dietary Supplements. Deficiency of vitamin B-12 affects between 1.5 and 5 percent of the population. Deficiency of vitamin B-6 and folate occurs rarely in the United States. Chronic alcohol use can destroy the B vitamins, so that alcoholics may be vulnerable to these deficiencies, says the National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements.
Risk factors for iron deficiency and B-12
People at high risk for vitamin B-12 include adults, vegetarians and vegans, people who have suffered from gastrointestinal crigugía and atrophic arthritis, pernicious anemia, Crohn’s disease and celiac disease. People at high risk of iron deficiency include teenage girls, women of reproductive age, people with kidney failure, people with gastrointestinal disorders such as Crohn’s disease and celiac disease, premature and underweight women athletes, vegetarian athletes and runners distance.
Doctors may recommend dietary supplements to help prevent or treat disability in these cases. In some cases, doctors may use intramuscular injections of vitamin B-12 to bypass absorption problems.
Other symptoms of Vitamin Deficiency
Deficiencies in vitamin B-12 and iron usually cause symptoms of fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, difficulty concentrating, constipation, diarrhea, loss of appetite and weight. Deficiency of vitamin B-12 that left untreated can cause permanent damage to the nervous system and neurological damage, leading to numbness and tingling in the hands and feet, difficulty maintaining balance, confusion, depression, loss of memory and dementia.
Iron deficiency can also cause irritability, pale skin and brittle nails. Flotato deficiency and vitamin B-12 can cause high levels of homocysteine, a risk factor for heart disease. Deficiency of vitamin B-6 can cause inflammation of the skin, bumpy tongue, depression, confusion and seizures. Folate deficiency can cause headaches, heart palpitations, irritability, memory problems and behavioral disorders.